Virginia’s Cannabis Decriminalization Law Goes into Effect

The movement to destigmatize and legalize cannabis continues in America.

Virginia’s cannabis decriminalization law officially went into effect this week.

In May, Gov. Ralph Northam (D) signed the decriminalization bill (SB 2HB 972) into law, making Virginia the 27th state to decriminalize simple possession.


The law reclassifies possession of one ounce or less of cannabis to a civil penalty punishable by a fine of up to $25, the lowest fine of any decriminalization law in the country.

The decriminalization law also creates a work group to study legalization in Virginia and make recommendations by November 30, 2020.

Last week, the Virginia Legislative Black Caucus pledged to introduce legislation to legalize cannabis during a special session set for August, among other criminal justice and policing reforms. 


Virginia’s decriminalization law goes into effect as cannabis policy reform continues to gain momentum in the South. Mississippi and North Carolina have had decriminalization laws on the books since the 1970s. According to Civiq, a majority of voters in every state in the South support cannabis legalization.

Recently, the governor of Louisiana signed a bill (HB 819) to expand the state’s medical cannabis program, and lawmakers in Georgia included a cannabis decriminalization provision in the Georgia Justice Act — a broad measure that has been introduced to address police brutality and racism. In November, voters in Mississippi will decide on medical cannabis legalization. Arkansas, Louisiana, and Florida already have comprehensive medical cannabis laws on the books, and Virginia has a more limited medical cannabis law, which the legislature and governor expanded this year. 

“Decriminalizing cannabis will save thousands of Virginians from the trauma of arrest and the stigma of a criminal conviction,” says Steve Hawkins, Executive Director of The Marijuana Policy Project. “However, Virginia lawmakers should continue to work towards broader cannabis policy reform. As the Virginia Legislative Black Caucus has recognized, full legalization is needed. While decriminalization is long overdue, legalization is necessary to dramatically reduce police-civilian interactions and remove the pretext for countless police stops.” 

Feature photo by Matteo Paganelli on Unsplash.


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